Syllabus - BACHELOR OF EDUCATION (B.e.d)

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Teaching of Social Studies
Option ii (a)

Time 3 Hrs.                                                                                                                                                                          M.Marks: 100
Terminal:  80
Instructions for Paper Setter/ Candidate
1.      The question paper will consist of five units: I, II, III, IV and V.
2.      The paper setter will set three questions from each Units I, II, III and IV. (From the syllabus of the respective Units). Each question will carry 8 marks.
3.      The candidate will be asked to attempt any two questions from each unit.
4.      Unit V will be compulsory and consist of three questions. One question will be based on the preparation of Composite lesson plan carrying 8 marks and two short answer questions will be from the entire V unit carrying 4 marks each.
                                                                         Sessional:  20
Objectives:
Knowledge
*       To enable the pupil-teachers to understand the nature and concept of Social Studies.
*       To enable the pupil-teachers to understand aims, objectives and values of teaching Social Studies.
*       To develop the understanding of pupil-teachers concerning curriculum organization.
*       To acquaint the pupil-teachers with various methods and techniques of teaching Social Studies.
*       To acquaint the pupil-teachers with different audio-visual aids and their utilization.
*       To develop proper understanding of Nationalism and Internationalism.

Skills:
*       To enable the pupil-teachers to express themselves clearly.
*       To take active part in meetings, debates, seminars and other activities.
*       To collect information from different sources.
*       Analysis of present day problems in the Social context.
*       To develop a skill of preparation of lesson plan and its presentation.
*       To develop a skill of preparation of question papers.
A.     Attitudes:
1.    To promote positive social outlook.
2.    Respect for and pride in national goals and values.
3.    Self reliance.
B.     Teacher’s Activities:
Lecture, discussion, demonstration, questioning and seminars.
C.     Student’s Activities:
Listening to lectures preparing notes, asking questions and seeking clarifications, participation in seminars and discussions, preparing assignments, and preparing lesson plans.

UNIT I
1.      Meaning, nature, scope and importance of social studies. Difference between social studies and social science
2.      Aims, objectives and values of teaching social studies
3.      a.    Curriculum: Meaning, principles of curriculum construction and organization of curriculum (Topical, chronological and concentric)
b.    Correlation of Social Studies with Math, Science, Language and Art

UNIT II
1.      Meaning of methods: Characteristics of good and suitable method in Social Studies
2.      Types of method-Lecture, project, observation, story telling, socialized recitation method. (Seminar, debate, panel discussion, workshop, symposium and dramatization)
3.      Need, importance and equipments of social studies room
                                       
UNIT III

1.     Social Studies textbook: Need, importance and qualities
2.     Social Studies teacher: Qualities and role
3.       Audio-Visual Aids: Meaning, importance, projective and non-projective teaching aids: Overhead projector, chalk board, maps, charts, model, picture, graphs, globe, television, computer, films and excursions                                        
UNIT IV
1.      Current affairs in Social Studies: Meaning, importance and utilizing current events in teaching social studies
2.      Evaluation in Social Studies: Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation: Concept, technique and weightage distribution (VI to VIII, IX to X)
3.      Different types of tests: Essay type and objective type

UNIT V
1       Lesson Planning:  Meaning, need and importance
2       Construction of Composite lesson plan.
3       Teaching Micro-skills with special reference to five core skills: Skill of introducing the lesson, skill of questioning, skill of explanation, skill of stimulus variation and skill of black board writing.

Sessional Work                                                                                   :                                                                                               20 marks
House Examination: I & II                                              :                                                                                               (5+5) = 10 Marks
Practical Work                                                                   :                                                                                               10 Marks

Practical work:
a)     Review of prescribed Social Studies curriculum or text books of any class of PSEB, CBSE or ICSE.
b)    Visit to any community resource and writing a report for the same

References:
1.      Aggarwal, J.C. (2003): Teaching of Social Studies. Vikas Publishers, New Delhi.
2.      Binning and Binning (1952): Teaching of Social Studies in Secondary Schools. McGraw Hill.
3.      Dash, B.N. (2005):  Content – cum – Methods of Teaching of Social Studies. Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi.
4.      Dhanija, Neelam (1993): Multi Media Approaches in Teaching Social Studies.  Harman Publishing House, New Delhi.
5.      Kochhar, S.K. (1983): Teaching of Social Studies.  Sterling Publishers, New Delhi.
6.      Kohli, A.S.(1996): Teaching of Social Studies.  Anmol Publishers, New Delhi.
7.      Mehta, D.D. (2004): Teaching of Social Studies.  Tandon Publishers, Ludhiana.
8.      Mofatt, M.R. (1955): Social Studies Instruction.  Prentice Hall, New York.
9.      Shaida, B.D. (1962): Teaching of Social Studies. Panjab Kitab Ghar, Jallandhar .
10.   Shaida, B.D. and Shaida, A. K. (2005):  Teaching of Social Studies. Arya Book Depot, New Delhi.

Teaching of History
Option ii (b)
Time 3 Hrs.                                                                                                                                                                          M.Marks: 100
Terminal:  80
Sessional:  20
Instructions for Paper Setter/ Candidate
1.      The question paper will consist of five units: I, II, III, IV and V.
2.      The paper setter will set three questions from each Units I, II, III and IV. (From the syllabus of the respective Units). Each question will carry 8 marks.
3.      The candidate will be asked to attempt any two questions from each unit.
4.      Unit V will be compulsory and consist of three questions. One question will be based on the preparation of Composite lesson plan carrying 8 marks and two short answer questions will be from the entire V unit carrying 4 marks each.

 

Objectives:
*       To enable student teachers to understand the importance of history.
*       To enable student teachers to develop an understanding of aims and objectives of teaching history.
*       To enable student teachers to construct and analyze critically the curriculum and textbooks of teaching history at secondary stage.
*       To provide knowledge of different methods of teaching history to student teachers.
*       To acquaint student teachers with different audio-visual aids and latest information technology.
*       To make the student teachers aware about the role of history in developing National integration and International understanding.
*       To acquaint student teachers with different techniques of evaluation.

UNIT I
a)     Meaning, nature, importance and scope of history with special reference to modern concept of history
b)     Aims, objectives and values of teaching history at secondary level
c)      Relation of history with other school subjects (Social Sciences, Physical Science and Languages)

UNIT II
a)     Principles of curriculum construction and different approaches to construct curriculum: chronological, concentric and topical
b)     Need, importance and criteria of an ideal text book, critical analysis of history text book at secondary stage
c)      a.    Cultivation of time and space sense
b.    Need and importance of local history and current events

UNIT III
a)     Methods of teaching history: Story telling, lecture, discussion, project, source, dramatization and field trips/excursions
b)     Devices of teaching history: Narration, questioning, illustration, description and explanation
c)      Qualities and role of history teacher in changing scenario

UNIT IV
a.      Need, importance, types, preparation and usage of teaching aids: Tape recorder, radio, charts, graphs, maps, models, specimens, OHP, computer, films, T.V., chalk board, bulletin board and News line
b.      Evaluation: Need, importance and Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation: Concept, techniques and weightage distribution (VI to VIII, IX to X), types of tests-their construction and uses in history
c.      Role of history in developing National Integration and International Understanding

UNIT V
1.      Elements of a lesson plan and content analysis of a topic in terms of knowledge, skills, attitudes in teaching of history
2.      Steps of construction of lesson plan
3.      Teaching Micro-skills with special reference to five skills:
i)    Skill of introducing the lesson
ii)    Skill of questioning
iii)   Skill of explanation
iv)   Skill of stimulus variation
v)    Skill of black board writing.

Sessional Work                                                                                                                                                                   : 20 marks
House Examination: I & II                                                                                                                                              :  10 Marks
Practical Work                                                                                                                                                                   : 10 Marks
1.      Critical analysis of History textbook of any class.
2.      To arrange a visit to a historical place and write a report of the same

References:
1.      Arora , K.L.  Teaching of History.
2.      Bhallia , C.L. (1963): Audio Visual Aids in Education. Atma Ram and Sons, Delhi.
3.      Burton, W.H. and Green, C. W. (1962): Principles of Teaching History .
4.      Chakrabarti, S.K. (1967) :Audio Visual Education in India. Das Gupta and Company, Calcutta.
5.      Dobbsen , D.P. A Handbook for History Teacher.
6.      Ghate, V.D. (1956):  Teaching of History.
7.      Gunnin, Dennis: The teaching of History.
8.      Hil, C.P. (1953): Suggestions for Teaching of History. Paris Unesco, Paris.
9.      Iaurwerys, I.A. (1954): History Text Book and International Understanding .
10.   Johnson, Henry (1950): Teaching of History in Elementary and Secondary School.
11.   Kochhar, S.K. (1977): Teaching of History.
12.   R.E.De, Kieffer and Cochran, Leeln (1966): Manual of Audio Visual Techniques .
13.   Shaida, B.D. and Singh, Sahib: Teaching of History.

Teaching of Geography
Option ii (c)
Time 3 Hrs.                                                                                                                                                                          M.Marks: 100
Terminal:  80
Sessional:  20
Instructions for Paper Setter/ Candidate:
1.      The question paper will consist of five units: I, II, III, IV and V.
2.      The paper setter will set three questions from each Units I, II, III and IV. (From the syllabus of the respective Units). Each question will carry 8 marks.
3.      The candidate will be asked to attempt any two questions from each unit.
4.      Unit V will be compulsory and consist of three questions. One question will be based on the preparation of Composite lesson plan carrying 8 marks and two short answer questions will be from the entire V unit carrying 4 marks each.

Objectives:
To enable student teachers to:
*       understand the nature and concept of geography.
*       understand the role and importance of geography in schools.
*       understand the aims and objectives of geography.
*       get acquainted with different methods of teaching geography.
*       prepare and use different teaching aids.
*       get acquainted with the latest concept and techniques of evaluation.
*       get equipped with the knowledge of organization of curriculum.

UNIT I
a)     Meaning, nature, scope and latest trends in Geography
b)     Importance of Local and Regional Geography
c)      Objectives of teaching Geography- General objectives, instructional objectives like knowledge, understanding, aptitude and interest

UNIT II
a)     Principles of curriculum construction; approaches of organization of Geography curriculum – concentric, topical and unit; critical study of existing curriculum of Geography at secondary school stage
b)     Methods of teaching Geography:
*     Project
*     Observation
*     Discussion
*     Field Study
*     Regional
*     Laboratory
c)      Study of current events in Geography

UNIT III
a)     Geography room – Need, importance and designing geography laboratory
b)     Geography textbook – Importance, qualities and usage
c)      Geography teacher – Qualities, role and his professional growth

UNIT IV
1.      Evaluation in Geography: Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation: Concept, techniques and weightage distribution (VI to VIII, IX  to  X), different types of tests- essay type, short answer type and objective type tests
2.      Correlation with other school subjects: History, Mathematics, Science, Civics, Art and Economics
3.      Need, importance, preparation and use of teaching aids: Chalk board, graphs, globes, maps, charts, atlas, models, T.V., O.H.P., films, computer and Multimedia projects

UNIT V
1.      Lesson planning: Meaning, need, importance
2.      Construction of composite lesson plan
3.      Teaching Micro  skills with special reference to five skills:
i) Skill of introducing the lesson
ii) Skill of questioning
iii) Skill of explanation
iv) Skill of stimulus variation
v) Skill of black board writing.

Sessional Work                                                                                  :                                                                          20 marks
House Examination: I & II                                                             :                                                                          10 Marks
Practical Work                                                                                  :                                                                          10 Marks
*       A simple survey of local place – its physical features and natural resources; writing the report of the same.
*       Visit of an observatory planetarium or Geography museum.
References:
1.      Aggarwal, D.O. (2000): Modern Methods of Teaching Geography. Sarup and Sons Publisher, New Delhi.
2.      Arora, K.L. (1989): Teaching of Geography. Prakash Brothers, (In Punjabi, English, Hindi), Ludhiana
3.      Graves, Norman, J. : Geography in Education. Heinemannn, London.
4.      Macnee, E.A. (1951): The Teaching of Geography. Cambridge University Press,
5.      R.P. Singh (2004): Teaching of Geography. R. Lall Book Depot, Meerut.
6.      Rai, B.C. (1979): Methods of Teaching of Geography .
7.      Rao, M.S. (1999): Teaching of Geography. Anmol Publication Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi.
8.      Sharma, B.D. : Teaching of Geography.
9.      Singh, Yogesh K. (2004): Teaching of Geography (Hindi). A.P.H. Publisher, Delhi.
10.   Unesco. Source Book for Geography Teaching. Paris.
11.   Verma, O.P.  (1987) : Geography Teaching .

Teaching of Political Science
Option ii (d)
Time 3 hrs.                                                                                                                                                                           M.Marks: 100
Terminal:  80
Sessional:  20
Instructions for Paper Setter/ Candidate
1.      The question paper will consist of five units: I, II, III, IV and V.
2.      The paper setter will set three questions from each Units I, II, III and IV. (From the syllabus of the respective Units). Each question will carry 8 marks.
3.      The candidate will be asked to attempt any two questions from each unit.
4.      Unit V will be compulsory and consist of three questions. One question will be based on the preparation of Composite lesson plan carrying 8 marks and two short answer questions will be from the entire V unit carrying 4 marks each.

Objectives:
*       To enable student teachers to know the concept of Political Science.
*       To enable student teachers to know objectives of teaching Political Science as a school subject.
*       To enable student teachers to know various political problems which our country is facing.
*       To provide student teachers to know different methods of teaching Political Science.
*       To provide student teachers knowledge of various teaching aids.

UNIT I
1.      Meaning, nature, scope and importance of Political Science in the Modern era
2.      a.    Aims, objectives and values of teaching of Political Science
b.    Correlation of Political Science with other subjects (History, Geography, Sociology and languages)
3.      a.    Principles of curriculum construction
b.    Critical study of existing curriculum of Political Science at Senior Secondary stage

UNIT II
1.      Meaning of Method:  Traditional and New Approach, types of methods:  Lecture, Project, Socialised recitation Method, (Seminar, Debate, Panel Discussion, Workshop, symposium, dramatisation and mock parliament)
2.      Current  Events : Importance, principles of selection and methods of their teaching
3.      Political Science Text-Book: : Importance and qualities

UNIT III
1.      Supplementary Material: Magazines, journals, newspapers, reference books
2.      Political Science Room: Need, importance and equipment
3.      Political Science Teacher: Qualities and role

UNIT IV
2.      Evaluation: Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation: Concept, techniques and weightage distribution
1.    (VI to VIII, IX  to  X).
2.    Different Types of Tests:  Essay, Objective Type Tests and Short Answer Types..
3.    Uses and importance of teaching aids­
(Black Board, Map, Globe, Pictures, Charts, Posters, Graphs, Films, Film-strips, Television, Field Trips, Over head Projector and Computer).

UNIT V
1.      Lesson Planning: Meaning, need and importance
2.      Construction of composite lesson-plan.
3.      Teaching Micro-skills with special reference to five skills: ­
(i) Skill of introducing the lesson.
(ii) Skill of questioning.
(iii) Skill of explanation.
(iv) Skill of stimulus - variation.
(v) Skill of black-board writing.

Sessional Work                                                                                   :                                                                    20 Marks
House  Examination- I & II                                                             :                                                                    (5 + 5) = 10 Marks
Practical Work                                                                                   :                                                                    10 Marks

1.      Preparation of the question paper for senior secondary class.
2.      Preparation of two teaching models.

References:
1.      Aggarwal, J .C. Teaching of Political Science and Civics.
2.      Bhatia, K.K.: Narang, C.L. and Sidhu, H.S. : Teaching of Social Studies.
3.      Kochhar, S.K.: Teaching of History.
4.      Shaida, B.D. and Shaida, A.K. (2005): Teaching of Social Studies. Arya Book Depot, New Delhi.
5.      Shiels.: View Points in Civics Education.
6.      Singh, R.L: Teaching of History and Civics.
7.      Whill, E.M.  Teaching of Modern Civics.

Teaching of Economics
Option ii (e)
Time 3 Hrs.                                                                                                                                                                          M.Marks: 100
Terminal:  80
Sessional:  20

Instructions for Paper Setter/ Candidate
1.      The question paper will consist of five units: I, II, III, IV and V.
2.      The paper setter will set three questions from each Units I, II, III and IV. (From the syllabus of the respective Units). Each question will carry 8 marks.
3.      The candidate will be asked to attempt any two questions from each unit.
4.      Unit V will be compulsory and consist of three questions. One question will be based on the preparation of Composite lesson plan carrying 8 marks and two short answer questions will be from the entire V unit carrying 4 marks each.

Objectives
A.     Knowledge:
1.      To provide understanding of growing concept, principles and theories of economics.
2.      To enable the pupil-teachers to develop an understanding of aims and objectives of teaching of economics.
3.      To acquaint them with various economic problems which our country is facing.
4.      To provide knowledge of different methods of teaching.
5.      To provide knowledge of different teaching aids.
6.      To develop interest in teaching of economics.

B.     Skills:
1.      Preparation of teaching aids.
2.      Use of devices and techniques of teaching.
3.      Use of various methods of teaching.
4.      Conducting economic survey.
5.      Organize seminars, symposium and discussion.
6.      Writing instructional objectives.
7.      Preparation of test items of an achievement test.
8.      To develop skill in making use of Educational Technology.

C.     Attitude:
To promote among pupil-teacher an attitude of
1.      Critical Thinking
2.      Critical Analysis
3.      Scientific Outlook
4.      Observation
5.      Wise Consumerism
6.      Providing solution to economic problems.

UNIT I
1.      Meaning, nature and scope of Economics as a teaching subject
2.      a.  Importance of teaching of Economics in school curriculum
b.  Aims and objectives of teaching Economics as given in present school curriculum
3.      Correlation of Economics with Commerce, Mathematics, Statistics, History, Political Science Geography and Science

UNIT II
1.      Principles of constructing curriculum of Economics and approaches of curriculum organization - unit, topical and concentric
2.      Critical Analysis of existing curriculum of Economics
3.      Economics text book- importance and criteria of selection

UNIT III
1.      Methods of teaching: Lecture method, discussion method, project method, survey method, inductive-deductive method
2.      Techniques and devices: Assignment, seminar, illustration, symposium, excursions and supervised study
3.      (a) Economics teacher: Importance, qualities and professional growth
(b) Economics Room: Importance and equipment

UNIT IV
1.      Teaching Aids: Importance and types of teaching aids; Radio, Charts, Films, T.V., Graph, Maps and Computer.
2.             Evaluation – Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation: Concept, techniques and weightage distribution  (VI to VIII, IX  to  X),  types of tests-Essay type, short answer type and objective type.
3.     oncepts and current affairs: Major challenges before Indian economy,  liberalization and globalization and consumer awareness.

UNIT V
1.      Lesson Planning: Meaning, need and Importance
2.      Construction of composite lesson plan
3.      Teaching micro skills with special reference to five skills:
-      skill of introducing the lesson
-      skill of questioning
-      skill of explanation
-      skill of stimulus variation
-      skill of black board writing

Sessional Work                                                                                   :                                                               20 Marks
House Examination- I & II                                                              :                                                               (5 + 5) = 10 Marks
Practical Work                                                                                   :                                                              10 Marks

Suggested Practical Work (any two)
1.      Low cost and improvised teaching aids.
2.      Surveys and Projects on a chosen theme.
3.      Write up on a current economic issue.
4.      Co-curricular activities in school related to teaching of economics.
5.      Critical analysis of existing textbook and curriculum of Economics.

References
1.      Dhillon, Satinder and  Chopra, Kiran (2002): Teaching of Economics.  Kalyani Publications, Ludhiana.
2.      Kanwar, B.S. (1970):  Teaching of Economics.  Prakash Brothers, Ludhiana.
3.      Siddiqui, M.H. (2005):  Teaching of Economics. Ashish Publishing House,New Delhi.
4.      Sidhu, H.S. (2005): Teaching   of Economics.Tandon Publications, Ludhiana.
5.      Yadav, Amita (2005): Teaching of Economics. Anmol Publications , New Delhi.

Teaching of Commerce
Option iii
Time 3 Hrs.                                                                                                                                                                                          M.Marks: 100
Terminal:  80
Sessional:  20
Instructions for Paper Setter/ Candidate
1.      The question paper will consist of five units: I, II, III, IV and V.
2.      The paper setter will set three questions from each Units I, II, III and IV. (From the syllabus of the respective Units). Each question will carry 8 marks.
3.      The candidate will be asked to attempt any two questions from each unit.
4.      Unit V will consist of lesson planning. One question on lesson plan will be framed and will carry 8 marks. Four short answer questions carrying 2 marks each will also be framed. All the questions will be compulsory.

Objectives:
Knowledge
1.      To enable the pupil-teachers to understand the nature and concept of Commerce
2.      To enable the pupil-teachers to understand aims, objectives and values of teaching Commerce
3.      To develop the understanding of pupil-teachers concerning curriculum organization.
4.      To acquaint the pupil-teachers with various methods and techniques of teaching Commerce
5.      To acquaint the pupil-teachers with different audio-visual aids and their utilization.
6.      To develop proper understanding of Nationalism and Internationalism.

Skills
1.      To enable the pupil-teachers to express themselves clearly.
2.      To take active part in meetings, debates, seminars and other activities.
3.      To collect information from different sources.
4.      Analysis of present day problems in the Social context.
5.      To develop skill of preparation of lesson plan and its presentation.
6.      To develop skill of preparation of question papers.

A.     Attitudes:
1.    To promote positive social outlook.
2.    Respect for and pride in national goals and values.
3.    Self reliance.

B.     Teacher’s Activities:
Lecture, discussion, demonstration, questioning and seminars.

C.     Students Activities:
Listening to lectures preparing notes, asking questions and seeking clarifications, participation in seminars and discussions, preparing assignments, and preparing lesson plans.

UNIT I
1.      Meaning, nature, scope of teaching Commerce
2.      (a) Place of commerce in school curriculum
(b) Aims, value and objective with reference to Bloom’s Taxonomy
3.      Correlation-Meaning and types. Correlation of Commerce with language, economics, mathematics and public administration

UNIT II
1.      Curriculum-Meaning, principles and critical analysis of curriculum of teaching of commerce
2.      Criteria of selection of good commerce text book
3.      Qualities and role of Commerce teacher

UNIT III
a.      Method - meaning and principles of selection of method
b.      Types of method:
i)     Lecture Method
ii)    Problem-Solving Method
iii)   Inductive-Deductive Method
iv)   Demonstration Method
3.      Method of teaching short hand and typing.

UNIT IV
1.      Commerce room-need, importance and equipment
2.      Development and utilization of teaching aids (projective and non-projective and performing arts required for commerce programme), Community resources and its use in Commerce
3.      Evaluation – Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation: Concept, techniques and weightage distribution  (VI to VIII, IX  to  X), types of tests-Essay type, short answer type and objective type

 

UNIT V
1.      Lesson Planning:Meaning, need and importance
2.      Construction of composite lesson plan
3.      Teaching micro skills with special reference to five skills:
-      skill of introducing the lesson
-      skill of questioning
-      skill of explanation
-      skill of stimulus variation
-      skill of black board writing
        
Sessional Work:                                                                                 :                                                               20 Marks
House Examination- I & II                                                              :                                                               (5 + 5) = 10 Marks
Practical work                                                                                    :                                                               10 Marks
Two Low cost and improvised teaching aids (Model/Chart/Graph)

References:
1.      Aggarwal, J. C. (2003): Teaching of Commerce.  Vikas Publication, New Delhi.
2.      Dema and Brinkman: Guidance in Business Education South. Western Publishing Company, New York.
3.      Douglas, Palnford and Anderson (2000): Teaching Bussiness Subjects. Prentice Hall, New York.
4.      Green, H. (): Activity Handbook for Business Teachers. Mc Graw Hill, New York.
5.      Musselman and Hann: Teaching Book Keeping and Accounting.  McGraw Hill , New York.
6.      Rao, Seema, (2005): Teaching of Commerce. Anmol Publishers, New Delhi.
7.      Tonne, Iopham and Freemanc: Methods of Teaching Business Subjects. Mc Graw Hill, New York.
8.      Venkatest, Warlu K. and Basha Johni and Digumarti, S.K. and Rao, Bhaskara: Methods of Teaching of Commerce.

Teaching of Mathematics
Option iv
Time 3 hrs.                                                                                                                                                           M.Marks: 100
Terminal:  80
Sessional:  20
Instructions for Paper Setter/ Candidate
1.      The question paper will consist of five units: I, II, III, IV and V.
2.      The paper setter will set three questions from each Units I, II, III and IV. (From the syllabus of the respective Units). Each question will carry 8 marks.
3.      The candidate will be asked to attempt any two questions from each unit.
4.      Unit V will be compulsory and consist of three questions. One question will be based on the preparation of Composite lesson plan carrying 8 marks and two short answer questions will be from the entire V unit carrying 4 marks each.

Objectives:
*       To acquaint pupil teachers with the methods and techniques of teaching Mathematics.
*       To help pupil teachers in instructional planning and development of relevant material for the teaching of Mathematics.
*       To help pupil teachers in the process of comprehensive evaluation in Mathematics.
*       To acquaint pupil teachers with the use of computers in teaching of Mathematics.
*       To make the students aware of the value of Mathematics and relationship of Mathematics with the other subjects.
*       To enable the students to learn the principles, concepts and the terms in the teaching of Mathematics and to enable them to apply the same.
*       To acquaint them with the role of teaching aids, text books, drill work, home work, mathematical laboratories and libraries.

UNIT I
1.      Meaning, nature and values of Mathematics- Practical, social, moral, aesthetic and intellectual
2.      Place of Mathematics in school curriculum and relationship of Mathematics with other school subjects such as Physical Sciences,  
Bio-Sciences, Economics, Logic, Fine arts
3.      (i)    Aims and objectives of teaching Mathematics at Secondary Level
(ii)   Formulation of objectives with reference to Bloom’s Taxonomy

UNIT II
1.      (i) Selection and evaluation of text book
(ii) Critical study of 10th class Mathematics curriculum (C.B.S.E./P.S.E.B.)
2.      (i) Concept of evaluation : Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation: Concept, techniques and weightage distribution (VI to VIII, IX  to  X)
(ii) Construction of test items (essay type, short answer type and objective type)
3.      Remedial measures for defects in present day teaching of Mathematics to make it more interesting and activity based

UNIT III
1.      Methods of teaching
(1)  Inductive- Deductive
(2)  Analytic – Synthetic
(3)  Problem Solving
(4)  Laboratory
2.      Pedagogical analysis of different topics of Mathematics
3.      (i)  Qualities for Mathematics teacher and role of Mathematics teacher in drill work  and written work, supervised study and Error analysis
(ii)   Mathematics laboratory: Teaching aids- charts, models, chalk boards, OHP,LCD and computers

UNIT IV
1.      (i)    Number system.
(ii)   Polynomials and equations – linear, simultaneous and quadratic.
2.      (i)    Geometrical Concept: Point, line, line segment, angle and triangle.
(ii)   Types of Angles, Triangles and quadrilaterals.
3.      (i)    Trigonometric ratios, identities, heights and distances.
(ii)   Measure of central tendencies.(Mean, Median, Mode)

UNIT V
1.      Lesson planning: Meaning, importance and Herbartian steps
2.      Planning of Macro lessons with special reference to Arithmetic, Algebra, Geometry, Trigonometry and Statistics.
3.      Concept, components and preparation of micro lesson plans for developing teaching skills of
a.    skill of introducing the lesson
b.    skill of questioning
c.    skill of explanation
d.    skill of stimulus variation
e.    skill of black board writing

Sessional Work                                                                                                   :                                                        20 Marks
House Examination I and II                                                                            :                                                        (5 + 5) = 10 Marks
Practical Work/ Activities                                                                               :                                                        10 Marks

Suggested Practical Work (Any two)
1.      Preparation of two teaching aids
2.      Construction of test items
3.      Analytic report of curriculum
4.      Preparation of two Micro lessons plans

References:
·        Butler, C.H.  and Wren F.L.(1965): The Teaching of Secondary School Mathematics. McGraw Hill (International Student Edition).
·        Gakhar, S.C.   (2006): The Teaching of Mathematics. N.M. Publications, Panipat.
·        Kumar K. and Kaur, J. (2004): Learning Mathematics Lab. Experience.
·        Mangal, S.K. (2003): The Teaching of Mathematics. Tandon Publications, Ludhiana.
·        Ratnalikar , D.N. and et.al. (2004): Teaching of Mathematics.
·        Sidhu, K.S. (2005): The Teaching of Mathematics. Sterling Publishers, New Delhi.

Teaching of Computer Education
Option–v
Time 3 Hrs.                                                                                                                                                                          M.Marks: 100
Terminal:  80
Sessional:  20
Instructions for Paper Setter/ Candidate
1.      The question paper will consist of five units: I, II, III, IV and V.
2.      The paper setter will set three questions from each Units I, II, III and IV. (From the syllabus of the respective Units). Each question will carry 8 marks.
3.      The candidate will be asked to attempt any two questions from each unit.
4.      Units V will consist of lesson planning. One question on lesson plan will be framed and will carry 8 marks. Four short answer questions carrying 2 marks each will also be framed. All the questions will be compulsory.

OBJECTIVES:
*       To understand the concept of Computer Education
*       To understand the values of learning computer.
*       To understand the learning strategies.
*       To equip them with knowledge to set up and maintain a Computer laboratory.
*       To make them able to plan lessons and present them effectively.
*       To acquire knowledge on latest trends in Information Technology.
*       To enable them to use computers to enhance teaching / learning skills.

UNIT I
1.      Concept, need and importance of Computer Education, utilities of computers in different fields with special reference to Education
2.      Place of Computer Education in School Curriculum and relationship of Computer Education with other school subjects such as Science, Economics, Social Sciences, Languages, Art.
3.      Aims and objectives of Computer Education-Meaning and formation of
a.    Instructional Objectives
b.    Behavioural objectives

UNIT II
1.      Methods of teaching: Lecture, Lecture cum Demonstration, Problem solving, Project method, Laboratory Method, Computer Assisted Instructions, Web Based Instructions
2.      Computer Teacher: Essential qualifications and qualities, professional growth and code of conduct for ethical computer teaching.
3.      Need for computer laboratory, special features of computer lab, setting a computer lab.

UNIT III
1.      Concept, importance and principles of curriculum development in Computer Education.
2.      Critical analysis of 10th class computer education curriculum(PSEB,CBSE)
3.      Characteristics and criteria for selection of computer text books.
              
UNIT IV
1.      Evaluation: Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation: Concept, techniques and weightage distribution (VI to VIII, IX to X).
2.      Types of test items for evaluation -Essay type, short answer type, objective type
3.      Online testing.

UNIT V
1.      Lesson plan –Meaning , need and importance
2.      Steps in writing lesson plan , digital lesson plan
3.      Components and Preparation of Micro Lesson Plan for developing teaching skills of:
*     Skill of Introducing a Lesson
*     Skill of Explanation
*     Skill of Stimulus Variation,
*     Skill of  Questioning
*     Skill of Blackboard Writing

Sessional Work:                                                                                 :                                                                               20 Marks
Home Examination- I & II                                                              :                                                                               10 Marks
Practical Work                                                                                   :                                                                               10 Marks
Two Low cost and improvised teaching aids (Model/Chart/Graph)

References:
1.      Aggarwal, V.B. : Computer Science for Class XII.
2.      Bala Guruswamy : C++ Computers.
3.      Dayal, Dean, Gottfried, D. (1966): Computer Science for Class XI and XII, Outline of Theory and Problems of Programming with BASIC including expanded Micro Computer Basic Section. McGraw Hill Publication, New York.
4.      Grover, P.S. (1983): Computer Programming in BASIC. Allied Publishers, New Delhi.

5.         Hunt, R. and SheIley, J. (1988): Computers and Common Sense. PHI Publications, Delhi

Teaching of Science
Option–vi (a)
Time: 3 Hrs.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Max. Marks 100
Terminal: 80 Marks
Sessional: 20 Marks

Instructions for Paper Setter/ Candidate
1.      The question paper will consist of five units: I, II, III, IV and V.
2.      The paper setter will set three questions from each Units I, II, III and IV. (From the syllabus of the respective Units). Each question will carry 8 marks.
3.      The candidate will be asked to attempt any two questions from each unit.
4.      Unit V will be compulsory and consist of three questions. One question will be based on the preparation of Composite lesson plan carrying 8 marks and two short answer questions will be from the entire V unit carrying 4 marks each.

Objectives:
*       To develop an objective attitude towards experimental evidences and to make decisions on the basis of facts and data.
*       To make a judicious use of National resources after their proper identification.
*       To correlate the knowledge of science and technology to economic and social development of the community.
*       To place due emphasis on scientific knowledge in every day life.
*       To develop instrumental, communicational and problem solving skills.
*       To develop scientific attitude, spirit of cooperation, scientific temper and scientific approach.

UNIT –I

1.      Meaning, nature, impact of Science on our modern living and  globalization. Science and its correlation with other school subjects.
2.        a.  Bloom’s taxonomy of educational objectives.
b.  Objectives of teaching Science and instructional objectives.
3.        a. Curriculum- Meaning , place of science in school curriculum.
b. Principles of science curriculum construction.
c. Critical study of science curriculum of 10th class (CBSE/PSEB).

UNIT –II
1.      Methods of teaching Science: Lecture cum demonstration method, project method, problem solving method and inductive and deductive method
2.      Science teacher and the professional growth
3.      Scientific attitude and scientific method: Concept and its development

Unit-III
1.      Instructional Media: Need and importance, characteristic and their classification- Use of chalk board, charts, models, OHP, computers
2.      Science text book- Importance, characteristics, its evaluation procedure
3.      Importance and Organization of Science club, Museum, Science excursions

UNIT-IV
1.      a.   Need and Organization of Practical work in science
b.   Improvisation of science apparatus
c.   Lecture cum Laboratory plan for a high school.
d.   Material –Selection, purchase and maintenance of laboratory
2.      Evaluation: Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation: Concept, techniques and weightage distribution (VI to VIII, IX to X), Types of test items for evaluation -Essay type, short answer type, objective type
3.             Preparation of a blue print along with the question paper in science

UNIT-V
1.      Lesson Planning: need and importance
2.      Herbartian approach in lesson planning
3.      Micro skills
a.    Black board writing
         b.    Introducing the Lesson
c.    Probing Questions
d.    Explaining and illustrating with examples

Sessional Work                                                                                   :                                                                                               20 Marks
House Tests                                                                                                                                          :                                                                                                      10 Marks
Suggested Practical Work (Any three)                                         :                                                                                                               10 Marks

Students will perform any three experiments (one each from Physics, Chemistry and biology)
1.      To verify the laws of reflection and refraction.
2.      To draw Magnetic Lines.
3.      To prepare (a) mixture (b) a Compound.
4.      To carry out the following chemical reactions and to record their observation and to identify the type of reaction in each- iron and copper sulphate in water, burning of magnesium in air, zinc with dilute sulphuric acid, heating of lead nitrate, sodium sulphate and barium chloride in water.
5.      To observe and draw any 5 preserved specimens of the animal kingdom.
6.      Preparation of temporary mount of Onion peels and cheek cells.

References:
1.      Das , R.C.  (1989): Science Teaching in Schools. Sterling Publishers, New Delhi.
2.      Garg, K.K.; Singh, Raghuvirs and Kaur, Inderjeet (2007): A Text Book of Science for Class X.  NCERT, New Delhi.
3.      Kohli,V.K. (2006):  How to Teach Science. Vivek Publishers, Ambala.
4.      Mangal,S.K. (1997): Teaching of Science.  Arya Book Depot, New Delhi.
5.      Sharma, R.C. (1998): Modern Science Teaching.  Dhanpat Rai Publishers, New Delhi.
6.      Siddiqui, N. N. and Siddiqi, M. N. (1983): Teaching of Science Today and Tomorrow. Doaba House, Delhi.
7.      Thurber, W. and Collete (1964): A. Teaching Science in Today’s Secondary Schools. Allen and Becon, Boston.
8.      Vaidya, N. (1971): The Impact of Science Teaching. Oxford and IBH Publishers, New Delhi.

Teaching of Physical Sciences
Option vi (b)
Time 3 Hrs.                                                                                                                                                                          M.Marks: 100
Terminal:  80
Sessional:  20

Instructions for Paper Setter/ Candidate
1.      The question paper will consist of five units: I, II, III, IV and V.
2.      The paper setter will set three questions from each Units I, II, III and IV. (From the syllabus of the respective Units). Each question will carry 8 marks.
3.      The candidate will be asked to attempt any two questions from each unit.
4.      Unit V will be compulsory and consist of three questions. One question will be based on the preparation of Composite lesson plan carrying 8 marks and two short answer questions will be from the entire V unit carrying 4 marks each.

Objectives :
*       To formulate precise questions about various things in environment.
*       To collect information from various sources and use it in a given situation.
*       To classify objects, events, phenomenon.
*       To arrange objects and data in a sequence so as to ascertain a pattern.
*       To analyze data and make inference.
*       To find some cause-effect relationship from the data available.
*       To make predictions.
*       To design simple experiments.
*       To solve problems.
*       To develop an objective attitude towards experimental evidences and to make decisions on the basis of facts and data.
*       To make a judicious use of National resources after their proper identification.
*       To correlate the knowledge of science and technology to economic and social development of the community.
*       To place due emphasis on scientific knowledge in every day life.
*       To develop instrumental, communicational and problem solving skills.
*       To develop scientific attitude, spirit of cooperation, scientific temper and scientific approach.

UNIT I
1.      Meaning, nature and scope of Physical Sciences. Reasons for including physical sciences in school curriculum and its correlation with other school subjects
2.      Aims and objectives  of teaching Physical Sciences
(a)  Bloom’s taxonomy of educational objectives
(b)  Writing instructional objectives in behavioral terms
3.      Scientific attitude and scientific method- Concept and role of Physical Sciences teacher in their development

UNIT II
1.      Curriculum- Meaning and principles of constructing a good curriculum in Physical Sciences
2.      Methods of teaching Physical Sciences with reference to lecture cum demonstration, project method, problem solving approach and Inductive-Deductive  approach of teaching Physical Science
3.      Professional growth of Physics/Chemistry teacher

UNIT III
1.      Instructional media: Need and importance. Classification and integration of media in teaching learning process. Use of chalk board, periodic tables, charts, over head projector, T.V and computers in teaching Physics and Chemistry
2.      Criteria for selection of Physical Sciences text book and its evaluation procedure
3.      Importance and organization of science club, science exhibition, science excursion and wall magazine

UNIT IV
1.      Need and organization of Practical work in Physical Sciences, Physical Science laboratory in a high school
2.      Evaluation: Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation: Concept, techniques and weightage distribution (VI to VIII, IX  to  X),  
Types of test items for evaluation -Essay type, short answer type, objective type
3.      Preparation of a blue print along with the question paper in Physical Sciences

UNIT V
a.      Lesson Planning: need and importance
2.      Herbartian approach in lesson planning
3.      Micro teaching skills:
*     Black Board writing
*     Writing instructional objectives
*     Illustrating with examples,
*     Probing questions
*     Stimulus variation.

Sessional Work                                                                                   :                                                               20 Marks
House Examination- I & II                                                              :                                                               (5 + 5) = 10 Marks
Practical Work                                                                                   :                                                              10 Marks

Suggested Practical Work
Student will perform any three experiments:
1.      To verify the laws of reflection.
2.      To verify the laws of refraction.
3.      Preparation of hydrogen gas and study of its properties.
4.      Preparation of methane gas.

References:
1.      Das,R.C.(1989):Science Teaching in Schools. Sterling Publishers. New Delhi.
2.      Kohli, V.K. (1998): How to Teach Science. Vivek Publishers, Ambala.
3.      Kumar, Amit (2002): Teaching of Physical Sciences. Anmol Publications, New Delhi.
4.      Mangal,S.K.(1997): Teaching of Science, Arya Book Depot, New Delhi.
5.      Mohan, Radha (2002): Innovative Physical Science Teaching Methods. P.H.I, New Delhi.
6.      Sharma, R.C. (1998): Modern Science Teaching. Dhanpat Rai and Sons, New Delhi.
7.      Vaidyas, Narendra (1996): Science of Teaching for 21st Century. Deep and Deep Publishers, New Delhi.

Teaching of Life Science
Option vi (c)
Time: 3 Hrs.                                                                                                                                                         Max. Marks 100
                Terminal: 80 Marks
                Sessional: 20 Marks
Instructions for Paper Setter/ Candidate
1.      The question paper will consist of five units: I, II, III, IV and V.
2.      The paper setter will set three questions from each Units I, II, III and IV. (From the syllabus of the respective Units). Each question will carry 8 marks.
3.      The candidate will be asked to attempt any two questions from each unit.
4.      Unit V will be compulsory and consist of three questions. One question will be based on the preparation of Composite lesson plan carrying 8 marks and two short answer questions will be from the entire V unit carrying 4 marks each.

Objectives:
*       To know various objectives of teaching life sciences as a school subject and to draft the same in behavioral terms.
*       To know, apply; select various methods of teaching life sciences; limitations and advantages of selecting a method with special reference to conditions in Indian schools and the concepts to be taught.
*       To understand, analyze and improve present curriculum of life sciences.
*       To understand the importance and appropriate use of different audio visual aids and improvised apparatus in Indian conditions and with reference to concepts to be taught.
*       To be familiar with materials and principles for setting an ideal life science laboratory.
*       To know the present techniques of evaluation in life sciences.

 

UNIT I
1.      Nature and scope of life sciences
2.      Correlation of Life Sciences with physical sciences and social sciences
3.      a.    Bloom’s taxonomy of educational objectives
b.    Formulation of specific objectives in behavioral terms    

UNIT II
1.      Meaning of Curriculum, Principles of curriculum organization
2.      Content analysis of latest life sciences school syllabus- IXth  and  Xth standard of CBSE & PSEB
3.      Concept Mapping

UNIT-III
1.      Teaching learning strategies- Lecture cum demonstration, Assignment method, Project method, Inductive-deductive approach.
2.      Visualizing, Organizing and contextualizing learning situations through
a.    Field trips
b.    Science fairs and exhibitions
c.    Botanical garden
d.    Museum
e.    Aquarium and vivarium
f.     Biological club
3.      Audio- visual aids –blackboard, charts, models, television, computer, slide projector, overhead projector.

UNIT-IV
1.      Characteristics of a good text book
2.      Life science Laboratory-Infrastructure and safety measures
3.      Evaluation: Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation: Concept, techniques and weightage distribution (VI to VIII, IX  to  X),  
Types of test items for evaluation -Essay type, short answer type, objective type

UNIT-V
1.      Lesson Planning - Meaning, need and importance
2.      Steps involved in lesson planning.
3.      Micro lesson plans with special references to the following skills:
*     Introducing the Lesson.
*     Questioning.
*     Stimulus variation.
*     Blackboard writing.
*     Explanation.
Sessional Work                                                                                                                                                   20 Marks
House Examination- I & II                                                                                                                             (5 + 5) = 10 Marks
Practical Work                                                                                                                                                   10 Marks

References:
1.      Bhandula , N. Chadha, Sharma, P. C. (1989) : Teaching of Science. Parkash Brothers, Ludhiana.
2.      David, F. Millar and Glenn, W. Blaypes. : Methods and Materials for Teaching the Biological Sciences.
3.      Gupta V.K. (1994): Life Science Education Today.  Arun Publishing House, Chandigarh.
4.      Kohli, V.K. (2006): How to Teach Science. Vivek Publishers, Ambala.
5.      Rai, B.C.: Method: Teaching of Science
6.      Sharma and Walia, G.S. :Teaching of Life Science.
7.      Sharma.R.C. (1998):  Modern Science Teaching.  Dhanpat Rai Publishers , New Delhi.
8.      Sood, J.K. (1987) : Teaching of Life Science. A Book of methods.  Kohli Publishers, Chandigarh.
9.      Venkataish, S.  (2002): Science Education in 21st century. Anmol Publications, New Delhi.
10.   Yadav, K. :  Teaching of life science. Anmol Publications. New Delhi.

Teaching of Home Science
Option vi (d)
Time : 3 Hrs.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Max. Marks 100
Terminal: 80 Marks
Sessional: 20 Marks
Instructions for Paper Setter/ Candidate
1.      The question paper will consist of five units: I, II, III, IV and V.
2.      The paper setter will set three questions from each Units I, II, III and IV. (From the syllabus of the respective Units). Each question will carry 8 marks.
3.      The candidate will be asked to attempt any two questions from each unit.
4.      Units V will consist of lesson planning. One question on lesson plan will be framed and will carry 8 marks. Two short answer questions carrying 4 marks each will also be framed. All the questions will be compulsory.

Objectives:
·        To make student teachers aware about scope of home science teaching.
·        To make them understand various principles associated with teaching of home science
·        To keep them abreast with various methods used for teaching of home science.
·        To help student teachers in understanding correlation of home science with the school subjects.

UNIT I
1.      Meaning and scope of Home science
2.      Importance of home science teaching and its place in school curriculum
3.      Aims of teaching Home science

UNIT II
1.      General Principles of teaching Home science
2.      Maxims of teaching as applied to the teaching of Home science
3.      Co-relation of Home science with other school subjects

UNIT III

1.      Different methods for teaching Home science such as demonstration method, lecture method and project work
2.      Use of teaching aids in Home science
3.      Importance and criteria of selection of Home science text book

UNIT IV
1.      (a) Organization of Home science laboratory, planning and selection of equipments
(b)  Curriculum construction- principle and critical analysis of existing school curriculum of Home Science.
2.     Evaluation: Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation: Concept, techniques and weightage distribution (VI to VIII, IX to X),  
Types of test items for evaluation -Essay type, short answer type, objective type
3.     Qualities and competencies of a good Home science teacher

UNIT V
1.      Lesson planning- Need, importance, essentials of a good lesson plan
2.      Steps in lesson planning
3.      Micro teaching skills relevant in home science:
a.      Skill of writing instructional objectives
b.      Skill of introducing the lesson
c.      Skill of explanation
d.      Skill of questioning
e.      Skill of black board writing

Sessional Work                                                                                   :                                                               20 Marks
House Examination- I & II                                                              :                                                               (5 + 5) = 10 Marks
Practical Work                                                                                     :                                                              10 Marks

Practical work/Activities
1.      Organizing co-curricular activities related to Home science in school.
2.      Preparation of low cost and improvised teaching aids.
Preparation of one fresh and one dry flower arrangements

Books recommended:
1.      Atkinson: Teaching of Home Science
2.      Chander,Shah and Joshi: Fundamantals of Teaching Home Sciences
3.      Chanderkant: Teaching of Home Science

Teaching of Physical Education
Option vii
Time : 3 Hrs.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Max. Marks 100
Terminal: 80 Marks
Sessional: 20 Marks

Instructions for Paper Setter/ Candidate
1.      The question paper will consist of five units: I, II, III, IV and V.
2.      The paper setter will set three questions from each Units I, II, III and IV. (From the syllabus of the respective Units). Each question will carry 8 marks.
3.      The candidate will be asked to attempt any two questions from each unit.
4.      UnitV will consist of lesson planning. One question on lesson plan will be framed and will carry 8 marks. Two short answer questions carrying 4 marks each will also be framed. All the questions will be compulsory.

Objectives
To enable student teachers to:
*       develop an understanding of aims, objectives and importance of teaching of physical education in schools.
*       promote physical education through various means and methods of teaching.
*       know the importance and values of teaching physical education and the relationship of physical education with other subjects.
*       understand the importance of physical education room, equipment and text book.
*       make the teaching of physical education more interesting and innovative.
*       bring the overall awareness of values and to inculcate among students the desired habits and attitude towards physical education.
*       develop an awareness regarding the importance of physical fitness and organic efficiency in individual and social life.
*       develop awareness regarding first aid.

UNIT I
1.      Physical Education: Meaning, aims and objectives of teaching Physical Education in school curriculum
2.      Relationship of Physical Education with general education, psychology and health education
3.      Evaluation: Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation: Concept, techniques and weightage distribution (VI to VIII, IX  to  X), Types of test items for evaluation -Essay type, short answer type, objective type

 

UNIT II
1.      Teaching methods: Intensive study of lecture method, command method, discussion method, demonstration method, part method, whole method and whole part whole method, Project method
2.      Audio-visual Aids: Charts, models, black-board, T.V., newspaper clippings, magazines, computers, LCD and OHP
3.      Physical Fitness: Components of physical fitness

UNIT III
1.      Qualifications, qualities and responsibilities of Physical Education teacher
2.      Need, importance and qualities of a good Physical Education text book
3.      Need and importance of Physical Education room and equipments

UNIT IV
1.      First Aid – Meaning, need and principles, Warming up and cooling down
2.      Motivation: Meaning, importance and types
3.      Role of Physical Education in developing National Integration and International understanding

UNIT V
1.      Lesson Planning: Meaning, need and importance
2.      Construction of lesson plan
3.      Micro Teaching: Concept and procedure

Teaching Micro-Skills with special reference to:
*       Skill of introducing the lesson
*       Skill of instructional objectives
*       Skill of Questioning
*       Skill of Explanation with illustration
*       Skill of stimulus – variation

Sessional Work                                                                                   :                                                                                               20 Marks
House Examination- I & II                                                              :                                                                               10 Marks
Practical Work                                                                                   :                                                                              10 Marks

Suggested Practical Work (Any two)
1.      Organizing sports activity in a school.
2.      To help in conduct and organization of annual sports meet of the college.
3.      Demonstration of any five skills of different games or teaching skills.
4.      To motivate students to participate in sports activities by using different methods.

References:
1.      Charles, A. Bucher (1979):  Foundations of Physical Education. 8th ed. The C.V. Mosby Company,  St. Louis .
2.      Fox, Edward L. (1984): Sports Physiology . CBS College Publications,
3.      Haskell, W.  (1982): Nutrition and Athletic Performance.  Bull Publishing, Halt.
4.      Kamlesh, M. L. (1983): Psychology in Physical Education and Sports.  Metropolitan Book Company ,New Delhi.
5.      Kamlesh, M. L. (1988):  Physical Education Facts and Foundations. P.B. Publications Pvt. Ltd, Faridabad.
6.      Kaur,  Manjit and Sharma, R. C: An Introduction to Health and Physical Education. Tandon Publishers, Ludhiana.
7.      Singh , Hardyal Science of Sports Training.  DVS Publications, New Delhi.
8.      Singh, Ajmer and Others (2003): Essentials of Physical Education. Kalyani Publishers, Ludhiana.
9.      Singh, Ajmer and Others (2004): Essentials of Physical Education. Kalyani Publishers, Ludhiana.
10.   Thomas, J.P. (): Organizations of Physical Education. Gnanodaya Press, Madras.
11.   Trinarayan and Hariharan. (1986):  Method in Physical Education . South India Press, Karaikudi
12.   Voltmeter, F.V.  and Esslinger, A. E. (1964): The Organisation and Administration of Physical Education . Third Edition. The Times of India Press, Bombay.
13.   Willmore, J.H. Costall (): Physiology of Sports and Exercises. Human Kinetics Language Book Society, Champaign. IL.

TEACHING OF MUSIC
Option viii
Time : 3 Hrs.                                                                                                                                                       Max. Marks 100
Terminal: 80 Marks
Sessional: 20 Marks

Instructions for Paper Setter/ Candidate
1.      The question paper will consist of five units: I, II, III, IV and V.
2.      The paper setter will set three questions from each Units I, II, III and IV. (From the syllabus of the respective Units). Each question will carry 8 marks.
3.      The candidate will be asked to attempt any two questions from each unit.
4.      Units V will consist of lesson planning. One question on lesson plan will be framed and will carry 8 marks. Four short answer questions carrying 2 marks each will also be framed. All the questions will be compulsory.

Objectives:
*       To enable the pupil-teachers to understand the importance, aims and objectives of teaching of Indian Music.
*       To develop interest among pupil-teachers for Music.
*       To provide the knowledge of different methods and techniques of teaching of music.
*       To acquaint the pupil-teachers with latest teaching skills.
*       To enable pupil-teachers to organize competitions and other practical activities.
*       To equip them with various types of ragas and different tals.

UNIT I
1.      Aims and objectives of Teaching of Music.
2.      Knowledge of Swaras, division of Swaras and  measures of Shruti.
3.      Suggestions for the popularization of Indian Classical Music.

UNIT II
1.      Methods of teaching Music.
2.     Folk Music: Its role and significance in Education
3.     Voice-Culture and its importance

UNIT III
1.      Qualities and effective education of music teacher.
2.      Evaluation: Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation: Concept, techniques and weightage distribution (VI to VIII, IX to X), Types of test items for evaluation -Essay type, short answer type, objective type
3.      Audio-Visual Aids for Teaching of Music.

UNIT IV
1.      Knowledge of different parts of instruments Tanpura/Sitar/Tabla.
2.      Notation system of pt. V.N.Bhatkhande and pt. V.D. Pulskar.
3.      a.    Knowledge of following Talas-Ekgun and Dugun of Dadra, Rupak, Keharva, Jhaptal, Ektal,  Chartala and
Teental.
b.    Non Detail Ragas (only Description) of following Ragas MALKAUNS, BHAIRAV BHAIRAVI, YAMAN and
BHUPALI.

UNIT V
1.      Lesson Planning (a) Meaning, need and importance (b) Construction of lesson Plan (General and Specific).
2.      Micro Teaching: Concept and procedure
3.      Teaching Micro-Skills with special reference to:
*     Skill of introducing the lesson
*     Skill of instructional objectives
*     Skill of Questioning
*     Skill of Explanation with illustration
*     Skill of stimulus – variation

Internal Assessment                                                                           :                                                               20 Marks
Home Examination- I & II                                                              :                                                               (5 + 5) = 10 Marks
To prepare students to act as accompanist.                 :                                                               10 marks
Practical Work

Suggested Practical Work

Raag and Tal of Unit IV

Books Recommended:
1.      Awasthi, S.S. (1964): A Critique of Hindustan Music and Music Education. Jallandhar.
2.      Bhatkhande, V. M. (1987): KRAMIK Pustak Mahika Laxmi Narayan Garg, Hathras.
3.      Bhatnagar, S. (1988): Teaching of Music. Monika Prakashan, Shimla.
4.      Kalekar, Saryu  (1968): Sangeet Shikshan Parichaya .
5.      Khanna, Jyoti (1992): Teaching of Music.
6.      Madan Panna Lal. Teaching of Music. Jalandhar.
7.      Shah, Shobhna (1986): Sangeet Shikshan Pranali. Pb. Kitab Ghar Vinod Pustak Mandir , Agra
8.      Vasant  (1986): Sangeet Visharad. Sangeet Karylaya, Hathras .

Teaching of Fine Art
Option ix
Time : 3 Hrs.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Max. Marks 100
Terminal: 80 Marks
Sessional: 20 Marks

Instructions for Paper Setter/ Candidate
1.      The question paper will consist of five units: I, II, III, IV and V.
2.      The paper setter will set three questions from each Units I, II, III and IV. (From the syllabus of the respective Units). Each question will carry 8 marks.
3.      The candidate will be asked to attempt any two questions from each unit.
4.      Unit V will consist of lesson planning. One question on preparation of composite lesson plan will be framed and will carry 8 marks.
Two short answer questions carrying 4 marks each will also be framed. All the questions will be compulsory.

Objectives
To enable student teachers to:
*       develop imagination and sense of appreciation of art and interest in teaching of art.
*       develop aesthetic sense.
*       learn and understand the principles, concept, elements of art and to apply them in actual teaching and daily life.
*       be acquainted with different techniques of painting.

UNIT – I
1.      Define Art. Indian and Western concept of Art (Origin and Development of Art), Six links of Indian Art, Elements of Art: Line, Form, colour, texture, tone
2.      Place of Art in daily life and Education
3.      Principles of Art: Balance, Rhythm, Harmony, Dominance, Perspective

UNIT – II
1.      Aims and objectives of teaching Art.
2.      (a) Correlation of Art with other school subjects
(b) Principles of curriculum constructions at different levels
3.      Art room and its requirements

UNIT – III
1.      Qualities and functions of art teacher
2.      Field trips and excursions, importance of art exhibitions and competitions among children
3.      Evaluation: Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation: Concept, techniques and weightage distribution (VI to VIII, IX to X), Types of test items for evaluation -Essay type, short answer type, objective type

UNIT – IV
1.      Method of teaching Art
a.    Direct observation Method.
b.    Demonstration Method.
c.    Project Method.
2.      Child Art- Meaning, Importance, Stages
a.    Scribbling Stage.
b.    Pre-schematic stage.
c.    Schematic Stage.
d.    Gang Age.
e.    Adolescent stage.
3.      Contribution of Artists:  S.G.S. Sohan Singh, Amrita Sher Gill, S.S.G. Thakur Singh, S. Sobha Singh.

UNIT –V
1.      Lesson Planning: Need & importance
2.      Preapartion of composite lesson plan
a.    Still life.
b.    Landscape.
c.    Composition.
d.    Design.
e.    Tie and Dye.
3.      Micro Teaching Skills
a.    Stimulus Variation
b.    Use of Black Board
c.    Demonstration
d.    Introducing the Lesson

Sessional Work                                                                                   :                                                                               20 Marks
House Examination- I & II                                                              :                                                                               10 Marks
Practical Work                                                                                   :                                                                              10 Marks
5.      Nature study -     1 Full sheet
6.      Comoposition-    1 Full sheet
7.      Still Life -              Half sheet
4.     Poster             1 Full sheet
5.   Design for Rangoli

References:
1.      Arya Jaidev, Kala Ka Adhyapan, Luxmi Publication, Meruth.
2.      Bharti chetna, Teaching of Fine Arts, Kalyani Publishers, Ludhiana
3.      Chawla, S.S. (1986): Teaching of Art. Publication Bureau, Panjabi University, Patiala. 
4.      Dhawan, “ Appreciation and Fundamentals and History of Art, Tip Top Trading company Ludhiana.
5.      Jaswani, K.K. ():  Art in Education , Atma Ram and sons, Delhi.
6.      Jaswani, K.K. (): Teaching and Appreciation of Art in Schools, Atms Ram and sons Delhi.
7.      Prasad Janardan, Art Education, Kanishka Publisher, New Delhi.
8.      Walia J.S, Kalaa Ke Sidhant, Paul Publisher, Jalandhar.

area E- Add on CourseS
E1 - ICT Integration in Pedagogy
M.M. (Sessional): 25

Objectives:
*       To enable the student teachers to know about computer and its components
*       To enable the student teachers to make slide presentation.

Unit-I
1.      Introduction to Computer: Characteristics, Hardware & software, application, components of computer
2.      Input devices Keyboard, Mouse, Joystick, Scanner, Light Pen and Track Ball. Output devices - Monitor, Printers. Memory, its Types and Units. Storage devices: Floppy Disk, Hard Disk, CD-ROM and DVD.

3.      Internet: Meaning, Services -E-mail, Chat

Unit-II
(Practical Work)
1.      MS-Word:
Creation, Opening and Saving of a document. Editing and Formatting (Font Properties and Paragraph Settings, Spell Checking) Printing (Page Setup, Print Preview). Creating a table, entering and editing text in table and changing format of a table
2.      MS-PowerPoint: Introduction to Slides, Views, Creation of PowerPoint Presentation (Inserting, Deleting slides, Formatting)
Slide Transitions and Animation, Creating a graph,Managing Slide show

Practical Work/ Activities
One PowerPoint Presentation                                                         :                                                 10 Marks (Soft and Hard copy)
Viva-Voce                                                                                            :                                                 10 Marks
File                                                                                         :                                                 05 Marks

References:
·        Singh, Arjinder (2009). Modern Approach to Computer Education. Jalandhar: Modern Publisher. Sharma, L. (2006). Computer Education. Ferozepur Cantt: Wintech Publications.
·        Sinha, P.K. (1992). Computer Fundamentals. New Delhi: BPB.
·        Subramanian. N. (1988). Introduction to Computers (F lidamentals of Computer Science). New Delhi: Tata McGraw Hill.

E2- Language Proficiency
                                                                                                                                          M. Marks (Sessional): 25
Objectives:
·       to enable student teachers to acquire basic language skills such as listening, speaking, reading, and writing and integrate them for communicative purposes.
·       to introduce student teachers to techniques of note taking and note making.
·       to help student teachers to learn effective ways of correspondence.
·       to develop the skill of oral presentation and group discussion                                                                                                         

Unit-I
1.      Communication: types, process, role of communication in a society and channels of communication        
2.      (a) Speaking: Introduction to phonetics and organs of speech, the skills of effective speaking, the components of an effective talk.
(b) Listening: Process, barrier to listening, effective listening skills, feedback skills
3.      (a) Reading: Process, reading purposes, models, strategies, structure of meaning techniques
(b) Writing: Elements of effective writing styles, scientific and technical writing

Unit-II
1.      Note taking and note making: Purposes and methods of note taking and note making
2.      Oral presentation & Group Discussion: Objects/aims, how to deliver an oral presentation, audience analysis , occasion analysis, preparation, organizing the preparation, practice, ten steps to a successful preparation, methods of writing an oral presentation and group discussion
3.      Correspondence: Effective letters, faxes, e-mail, notices, agenda and minutes

Practical Work/ Activities
Oral presentation (English/Punjabi/Hindi)                                                                                                                                 10 Marks
Group Disussion                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       10 Marks
File                                                                                                                                                                                                                        05 Marks

References:
*       Indrajit Bhattacharya: An approach to communication skills.
*       Singh & Bhatia: Unique communication skills.

E3- Art in Education
                                                                                                                                               M. Marks (Sessional): 25
                                                                                                                  
Objectives
To enable student teachers to:
*       develop imagination and sense of appreciation of art and interest in art.
*       develop aesthetic sense.
*       prepare  effective teaching aids.
*       have basic knowledge about colour scheme.

UNIT-I
1.      Sketching of different objects related with their respective teaching subjects
2.      Preparation of colour chart in file i.e Primary, Secondary, warm, cool, neutral
3.      Theme based action figures i.e scene at the railway station, any sports activity, any story, market scene, any    festival

UNIT-II
1.      Writing and Sketching practice on the black board in relation with their teaching subjects
2.      Alphabets in English, Gurmukhi and Hindi
3.      Motto writing in 3 languages i.e  English , Gurmukhi and Hindi
4.      Preparation of 2 Flash cards according to their teaching subjects

Practical                                                                                               :                                                                                 25 Marks
Teaching aids/ charts/ flash cards etc.                                         :                                                                                 10 Marks
Sessional Work file                                                                           :                                                                                 10 Marks
Blackboard sketching                                                                       :                                                                                 5 Marks

Books Recommended:
1.      A.K. Dhawan: Dhawan’s Art Book. B-IX 1076 Dhawan Building, Ludhiana.
2.      Black Board Writing and Work Experience. Prakashan Kendra, New Buildings, Aminabad, Lucknow.
3.      Dr. Kapuria: Stick and Sketch. Khanna Printers, Phagwara Gate,  Jalandhar.
4.      Thames and Hudson: How to Paint and Draw. 30 Bloomsbury Street, London.
5.      Work Experience and Black Board Writing. Neeraj Publications, Rohtak.

E4 Physical Education
Time : 1:30 Hrs.                                                                                                                                 M.Marks (Sessional) : 25 
Objectives
*       To develop an understanding of aims, objectives of teaching of Physical Education.
*       To give awareness regarding physical fitness and its components.
*       To give elementary knowledge of human body.
*       To give awareness regarding yoga for harmonious development/ de-stress activity.
*       To develop an awareness regarding the importance of Physical Fitness and organic efficiency in individual.

UNIT-I
1.      Physical Education: Meaning, aims, objectives and  importance.
2.      a.  Meaning and importance of physical fitness and its components.
b. Effects of exercise on respiratory system, circulatory system and muscular system.
3.      Meaning and importance of yoga.
Yoga Asana.
a)    Padma, Sidha, Vajra (Meditative)
b)    Shava and Makar (Relaxive)
c)    Bhujang, Ushtra, Chakra Ardhmatryendra, Pashimottar, , Dhanur, Sarvang (Cultural)

UNIT-II
1.      Skills in games: (Any one)
Hockey, Football, Basketball, Badminton, Kho-Kho, Vollyball, Table Tennis.
2.      Fundamental Skills in Athletics
a)    Races – 100m, 200m, 400m
b)    Jumps-Long Jump, High Jump (any one)
c)    Throws-Shot Put, Discus Throw, Javelin Throw
3.      Warming up and cooling down- its meaning and importance.

Sessional                                                                                               :                                                                               25 Marks
House Examination I & II                                                               :                                                                               10 Marks
Practical Work                                                                                   :                                                                               10 Marks
File Work                                                                                             :                                                                               5 Marks

Books Recommended:
1.      Kaur, Kuldeep: Teaching of Physical Education
2.      M.L. Kamlesh and Sangral: Methods and Principals of Physical Education.
3.      S.K. Mangal: Health and Physical Education.

E5 Co-Curricular Domain
Time : 1:30 Hrs.                                                                                                                                                 Grade Points A-E                              
Objectives
*       To enable the student teacher to perform multifarious duties in the school and outside the school.
*       To sensitize the student teachers to various social problems ,issues and ideas where they can contribute in a  meaningful way.
*       To create a environment of work culture based on manual work,co-operation and team work.
*       To develop a deep faith in dignity of labour and life of active social involvement.
*       To develop aesthetic,creative and innovative abilities.
*       To work for the preservance,promotion and spread of cultural values and cultural heritage.
Community Activities (Any Two)
*       Cleanliness and beautification of Campus.
*       Participation in NSS activities.
*       Working in social service centers like old people home, hospitals, institution for blind, orphan houses, savera or any
other social service centre.
*       Services to the unprivileged communities of the society.
*       Helping the needy- Donating blood/ eye donation awareness camps/ literacy camps/ HIV awareness camps.
*       Tree plantation and Growing of ornamental plant
Co-curricular and cultural activities
*       Organizing college functions.
*       Participation in co-curricular activities and cultural activities.
*       Organizing and participation in Morning Assembly.
*       Celebration of all important days.
*       Organizing and participating in education trips/ tours.
Evaluation:
1.      The student teachers will maintain the record of activities performed by him/her during community service.
2.      The tutor in charge will award the grade points from A-E  to their wards on the basis of their attendance and performance in the above activities during the whole session.

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